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Panerai Special Editions PAM 00671 New Bronze 47mm Automatic
TOP
Panerai PAM00671 LUMINOR
NZ$ 43,709
Verified Dealer
19
HK
Omega De Ville Prestige 424.58.40.20.52.001 New Yellow gold 39.5mm Automatic
TOP
Omega 424.58.40.20.52.001 DE VILLE
NZ$ 23,311
Verified Dealer
19
HK
Rolex Datejust 116244 Very good Steel 36mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Datejust diamonds diamanti oro gold floral
NZ$ 13,288
Verified Dealer
450
IT
Jaeger-LeCoultre Master Ultra Thin Moon Q1368420 or 1368420 New Steel 39mm Automatic
TOP
Jaeger-LeCoultre Master Ultra Thin Moon
NZ$ 13,470
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
37
AU
Richard Mille RM 027 Rm27-01 Very good Carbon Automatic
TOP
Richard Mille RM 27-01 Rafa Nadal (Limited of 50) WIRE ONLY
NZ$ 1,337,300
Verified Dealer
13
US
Rolex GMT-Master 1675 Very good Steel 40mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex GMT-Master Gilt Dial Fuchsia Bezel 1675
NZ$ 59,968
Verified Dealer
14
FR
IWC Pilot Chronograph IW377714 Good Steel 43mm Automatic New Zealand, Auckland
IWC Pilot Chronograph
NZ$ 6,600
Private Seller
NZ
Longines Legend Diver L3.674.4.56.2 Good Steel 42mm Automatic New Zealand, Auckland
Longines Legend Diver
NZ$ 3,000
Private Seller
NZ
Bulgari Diagono SD40S RE Very good Steel 40mm Automatic
TOP
Bulgari Diagono Pro Aqua Regatta Chronograph 40mm B&P
NZ$ 7,109
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
412
PL
Omega Constellation 167.005/6 Automatik Chronometer Very good Yellow gold 35mm Automatic
TOP
Omega Constellation 18K Gold Automatic Service 04/2020
NZ$ 14,564
Verified Dealer
534
DE
U-Boat Flightdeck UB7750/45 LH Unworn Steel 45mm Automatic New Zealand, Ellerslie
U-Boat Italo Fontana Flightdeck Chronograph
NZ$ 2,000
Private Seller
NZ
Linde Werdelin Oktopus Double Date Very good Titanium 44mm Automatic New Zealand, Auckland
Linde Werdelin Oktopus II Double Date
NZ$ 10,950
Private Seller
NZ
Rolex Daytona 116589RBR Very good White gold 40mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Daytona SODALITE-GHIERA DIAMANTI
NZ$ 67,259
Verified Dealer
17
IT
Romain Jerome Moon-DNA RJ.M.AU.028.01 New Steel 44mm Automatic
TOP
Romain Jerome Moon-DNA
NZ$ 12,696
Verified Dealer
13
US
Rolex Bubble Back 5028 Very good Steel 36mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Semi-Bubble Back Ovettone 5028
NZ$ 14,400
Verified Dealer
14
FR
Rolex Daytona 16523 Very good Gold/Steel 40mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex 2000 Rolex Daytona Zenith 40mm INVERTED 6 SIX Diamond...
NZ$ 22,054
Verified Dealer
540
US
Ulysse Nardin Dual Time 243-55 Very good Steel 42mm Automatic
TOP
Ulysse Nardin Gmt Dual Time Big Date Silver Dial
NZ$ 5,013
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
219
RO
Hublot 1339928 Very good Ceramic Automatic New Zealand, Auckland
TOP
Hublot 1339928 h320
NZ$ 8,000
Private Seller
NZ
Hermès Dressage DR1.785 Unworn Yellow gold 40  case without crownmm Automatic
TOP
Hermès Dressage 1928 18K Gold New Box Papers
NZ$ 23,513
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
412
PL
Rolex Day-Date 36 1803 Very good Yellow gold 36mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Day-Date
NZ$ 12,201
Verified Dealer
214
UK
Rolex Explorer 214270 Very good Steel 39mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Explorer
NZ$ 10,021
Verified Dealer
39
US
Montblanc 1858 117832 New Steel 40mm Automatic
TOP
Montblanc Ungetragene 1858 Automatic 40 mm
NZ$ 3,992
Verified Dealer
136
DE
Panerai Luminor Submersible PAM 968 Very good Bronze 47mm Automatic
TOP
Panerai Submersible Bronzo PAM 968
NZ$ 35,021
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
940
US
Bell & Ross BR V2 BRV294-BU-G-ST/SST New Steel 41mm Automatic
TOP
Bell & Ross BR V2-94 AERONAVALE
NZ$ 5,610
Verified Dealer
58
NL
IWC Big Pilot IW502617 Very good Rose gold 46mm Automatic
TOP
IWC Big Pilot Perpetual Calendar Saint Exupery 46mm 18K Rose...
NZ$ 44,288
Verified Dealer
540
US
Zenith Port Royal 03.0550.4021 Very good Steel 36mm Automatic
TOP
Zenith El Primero Port Royal Automatic
NZ$ 5,833
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
219
RO
Rolex Day-Date 36 118205F Very good Rose gold 31mm Automatic New Zealand, Tauranga
Rolex Oyster Perpetual Waterproof Day Date
NZ$ 38,447
Private Seller
 
HK
Rolex Datejust 16220-Blue-Box-1999 Very good Steel 36mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Unpolished 1999 SS Datejust Factory Blue Roman w/ Rolex Box
NZ$ 7,514
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
393
US
Rolex Submariner 6205 Very good Steel 37mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Submariner ref 6205
NZ$ 79,361
Verified Dealer
214
UK
Omega Seamaster 26365091 Very good Rose gold
TOP
Omega Seamaster Professional 18 Rosegold wavy dial
NZ$ 14,564
Verified Dealer
274
DE
Hublot Big Bang Unico 411.OM.1180.RX New Rose gold 45mm Automatic
Hublot Big Bang Unico King Gold Ceramic Automatic Skeleton...
NZ$ 46,352
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
2280
US
Zenith 49.2520.400/98.R578 Very good Ceramic 45mm Automatic
TOP
Zenith El Primero 36'000 VpH Chronograph 49.2520.400/98.R578
NZ$ 10,782
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
940
US
Rolex Daytona 16520 Very good Steel 40mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Cosmograph Daytona 16520 T Series
NZ$ 36,273
Verified Dealer
14
FR
Parmigiani Fleurier Pershing PFC528-1210301-HA1412 New 45mm Automatic
TOP
Parmigiani Fleurier Pershing 005 Chronograph Automatic 18k...
NZ$ 20,058
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
626
US
Rolex Lady-Datejust 69173 Very good Steel 26mm Automatic
Rolex Datejust 18k Gold/Steel Blue Vignette Diamond Ladies...
NZ$ 8,350
Verified Dealer
149
US
Omega Seamaster 166.068 Very good Steel 41mm Automatic
TOP
Omega Seamaster 200 Automatik "banana" Herrenuhr Ref. 166.068...
NZ$ 7,036
Verified Dealer
2789
DE
Rolex Datejust 16000-Custom-Green-Leather Very good Steel 36mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex 36mm SS DATEJUST Custom Forest Green Dial w/ Rolex Box
NZ$ 6,678
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
393
US
IWC Aquatimer (submodel) Good Steel 40mm Automatic
TOP
IWC Aquatimer Vintage Dive Watch
NZ$ 11,702
Verified Dealer
214
UK
Frederique Constant Ladies Automatic Double Heart Beat FC-303LGD3BD2B New Gold/Steel 36mm Automatic
TOP
Frederique Constant Ladies Automatic Double Heart Beat...
NZ$ 3,728
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
21
FR
Rolex Very good Gold/Steel 32mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Men's Rolex Oyster Perpetual Ref.3372 32mm 18k & ss...
NZ$ 8,191
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
678
US
Omega Seamaster Diver 300 M 210.22.42.20.01.004 New Steel 42mm Automatic
Omega Seamaster Co-Axial Master Chronometer 42 mm James Bond...
NZ$ 11,064
Verified Dealer
764
JP
Rolex Datejust 1603 Very good Steel 36mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Datejust Sigma Dial 1603
NZ$ 7,109
Verified Dealer
14
FR
Rado Coupole R22860023 New Steel 37.7mm Automatic
TOP
Rado Coupole Classic Silver | 37.7MM
NZ$ 1,912
Verified Dealer
363
NL
Montblanc Heritage Spirit 112307 New Red gold 41mm Automatic
TOP
Montblanc Heritage Spirit Spirit Orbis Terrarum Rose Gold
NZ$ 19,913
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
475
LV
Rolex Submariner Very good Steel 40mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Submariner 2002 Y Black Steel Mens Automatic watch + Box
NZ$ 15,264
Verified Dealer
841
UK
Rolex Datejust 116234-datejust-white-oyster-bnp Very good Steel 36mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex 2007 SS Datejust White Dial Oyster Band Box, Papers,...
NZ$ 10,021
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
393
US
Jaeger-LeCoultre Reverso Squadra Hometime Q7008420 Very good Steel 35mm Automatic
TOP
Jaeger-LeCoultre Reverso Squadra Q7008420 Watch with Leather...
NZ$ 8,525
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
664
US
Omega De Ville Co-Axial 1681057 Very good Rose gold 37mm Automatic
TOP
Omega De Ville Caliber 2500 Co-Axial Chronometer 18K 750 Rose...
NZ$ 6,106
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
674
NL
Tudor Prince Oysterdate Very good Steel 22mm Automatic
TOP
Tudor Ladies Princess Oysterdate Ref.7981 22mm Automatic,...
NZ$ 3,510
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
678
US
Rolex Milgauss 1019 Very good Steel 38mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex 1019 Milgauss (top patina / 1981)
NZ$ 37,822
Verified Dealer
DE
Audemars Piguet 5279 Very good Yellow gold 33mm Automatic
TOP
Audemars Piguet 18k Gold 5279
NZ$ 8,020
Verified Dealer
14
FR
Cartier Santos 100 2878 Very good Steel 33mm Automatic
Cartier Santos 100
NZ$ 5,450
Verified Dealer
26
ES
Hanhart Primus 742.270-1320 New Steel 44mm Automatic
TOP
Hanhart Primus Diver Blue
NZ$ 4,630
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
475
LV
Rolex Datejust 16200 Very good Steel 36mm Automatic
Rolex Datejust Men's Stainless Steel Watch 16200 Salmon/Rose...
NZ$ 7,355
Verified Dealer
186
US
Panerai Luminor Submersible PAM 00024 Very good Steel 44mm Automatic
TOP
Panerai Luminor Submersible
NZ$ 8,740
Verified Dealer
1533
ES
Jaeger-LeCoultre Master Control Q1538171 Very good Steel 40mm Automatic
TOP
Jaeger-LeCoultre Master Control Q1538171 Watch with Stainless...
NZ$ 11,534
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
664
US
Breitling Navitimer A17326211B1P2 New Steel 41mm Automatic
Breitling Navitimer 1 Automatic 41
NZ$ 5,669
Verified Dealer
6530
DE
Rolex Oyster Perpetual Very good Gold/Steel 25mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Ladies Rolex Oyster Perpetual Ref.6619 25mm Automatic...
NZ$ 4,681
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
678
US
Meistersinger N° 03 AM903 Very good Steel 43mm Automatic
TOP
Meistersinger Classic N 03 Automatic 43mm Men's Watch - AM 903
NZ$ 1,914
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
674
NL
Patek Philippe Golden Ellipse 3738/100G-012 Very good White gold 31.1mm Automatic
TOP
Patek Philippe Golden Ellipse 3738/100G-012
NZ$ 28,982
Verified Dealer
14
FR
TAG Heuer Monaco CAW211R.FC6401 New Steel 39mm Automatic
TOP
TAG Heuer Monaco
NZ$ 7,656
Verified Dealer
189
IT
Baume & Mercier Capeland M0A10106 New Steel 44mm Automatic
TOP
Baume & Mercier Capeland Worldtimer
NZ$ 7,747
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
475
LV
Rolex Submariner Date 116613LN Good Gold/Steel 40mm Automatic
Rolex Submariner Date Ceramic
NZ$ 20,962
Verified Dealer
135
LT
Breitling Transocean Unitime Pilot AB0510U6/BC26/159A New Steel 46mm Automatic
TOP
Breitling Transocean Unitime Pilot
NZ$ 12,158
Verified Dealer
1533
ES

Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Mechanical Timepieces

Automatic watches are powered by the natural motion of your wrist while you wear them. This type of watch has a rich history reaching back to the 18th century. Today, countless brands produce their own automatic calibers for their watches.


Highlights

  • Automatically wound by the natural movements of your arm
  • Environmentally-friendly: No batteries to produce or throw away
  • The Rolex Oyster Perpetual is one of the most famous automatic watches
  • John Harwood is considered the inventor of the automatic wristwatch
  • Automatic watches available in almost every price range

Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Timepieces

Automatic watches fall under the larger umbrella term of mechanical watches. They offer a key advantage over manual timepieces: They wind automatically via the movement of the wearer's arm. An oscillating mass inside the caliber is responsible for winding the spring. Today, this is in most cases a winding rotor. It is flexibly mounted so that gravity pulls it towards the center. When you're wearing the watch and move your wrist, the rotor moves and gives the caliber new energy. Automatic watches don't require batteries, making mechanical watches comparably more environmentally friendly than battery-powered quartz watches.

Automatic watches are available from almost every famous watch manufacturer in all price ranges. Less expensive models are often powered by base calibers made by the ébauche manufacturers ETA, Soprod, or Sellita. Various manufacturers use these calibers in a more or less reworked form in their watches. These calibers even power the watches made by famous brands such as Breitling and TAG Heuer. However, both manufacturers have developed their own in-house movements as well.

Rolex and Patek Philippe are some of the most well-known watch manufacturers. Unlike many other brands, these two Geneva-based manufacturers don't outsource base calibers. Instead, they use their own. For example, Rolex's caliber 3130 is considered very robust, reliable, and precise. These qualities and more make the caliber one of the best automatic movements on the market; it powers Rolex watches such as the Submariner. Since Rolex produces their watches almost entirely in-house, production is costlier. This results in higher prices for automatic watches with in-house movements.


Buying Tips

If you're searching for an automatic watch, the hard part is actually choosing one. Should it be large or small, simple or extravagant, affordable or expensive? The selection is ample for every taste and budget. Pre-owned automatic watches from Citizen, Seiko, or Swatch are available for around 50 euros. These watches often only have three hands for the hours, minutes, and seconds. Some also have a date or even day/date display.

In the price range between 100 and 200 euros, you can find diverse new automatic watches from brands like Seiko or Fossil. Pre-owned watches from long-established manufacturers such as Tissot, Hamilton, or Longines cost up to 500 euros. The situation is similar in the 1,000 euros and under price range, though here you can also find new models from the German brand Marcello C.

In the 1,000 euro price range, you can find pre-owned Omega or Breitling watches. New automatic three-hand watches are available from Oris, Raymond Weil, or Rado.

However, if you're looking for an automatic chronograph, you need to adjust your budget accordingly. A pre-owned automatic chronograph costs at least 500 euros; this applies to watches from brands such as Tissot or Hamilton. New chronographs cost a few hundred euros more, around 800 euros. These watches are often powered by ETA's Valjoux 7750, which is considered one of the most successful automatic chronograph calibers in the world.

If you're searching for a new automatic Rolex, you need to plan on spending at least 3,000 euros. You can purchase the introductory model, Oyster Perpetual, for this price. You can occasionally find pre-owned vintage watches from this Genevan manufacturer for less than 1,000 euros. The Submariner, one of the first and most famous diving watches in the world, is available pre-owned for around 4,100 euros. New, it costs around 5,600 euros. Rolex's chronograph, the Daytona, is available for around 7,500 euros.

The most expensive automatic watches are from brands such as Audemars Piguet and Patek Philippe. These watches are often made of platinum or 18-karat gold and feature countless diamonds on their dial and/or case. At times, these watches are also incredibly expensive as they're rare vintage watches coveted by collectors. Prices over 1 million euros are not too rare when it comes to these watches.


The Technology Behind Automatic Watches

The mainspring of an automatic watch is, as the name suggests, automatically wound by the movement itself. The mainspring is wound, becomes tense, and stores energy. This happens through the natural movements of the wearer's arm when the watch is on his or her wrist. This mechanism eliminates the need to manually wind the mainspring. Instead, an oscillating mass - often the rotor - winds the mainspring. Gravity causes the flexibly mounted rotor to move towards the center and a gear-train transfers the energy from the rotor's movement to the barrel. Viewed from a physics standpoint, the mechanism converts kinetic energy into potential energy.

There are automatic movements that wind in one or both directions. Bi-directional winding movements have so-called reverser gears. These ensure that the rotor winds the barrel in both directions. Uni-directional winding movements actually wind bidirectionally, but the mainspring is only wound in one direction. Both variants have a reduction gear which converts the fast movements of the rotor into slower movements with more torque. The end of the mainspring is not directly connected to the barrel so that it doesn't snap off when it's fully wound. The outer end of the spring is outfitted with a bridle, which keeps the pressure on the mainspring's outermost coil. When not fully wound, that pressure allows the outer end of the mainspring to be caught in a notch in the barrel wall. Once the spring is fully wound, it moves along to the next notch.

Automatic watches have many advantages: They're comfortable, environmentally-friendly, and usually more precise. This improved precision is due to the mainspring, which is always tense and has a more constant torque than mainsprings in hand-wound calibers. This has a positive effect on the amplitude. The amplitude is the balance wheel's degree of rotation and refers to the wheel's maximum rotation angle between equilibrium and a reversal point.

Technical Details of Automatic Watches

  • The winding rotor winds the mainspring in the barrel
  • Advantages: no manual winding required, environmentally-friendly, more precise
  • Uni-directional and bi-directional winding movements

The Origins of Automatic Watches

Automatic winding is one of the most important and long-lasting innovations in the history of watchmaking and the mechanism is one of the most widespread complications in use today.

Today's automatic watches can trace their origin back to the year 1729. Abraham-Louis Perrelet improved the winding mechanism of pocket watches in the 18th century. A small key was required to wind a movement before this improvement. Since the key was never there when you needed it, winding mechanisms that didn't require a key were in high demand. Perrelet wanted to invent a self-winding pocket watch. In 1770, he introduced his pedometer watch after countless attempts. The watch had an oscillating weight which teetered back and forth as the wearer walked. The motion caused the oscillating weight to tense the mainspring. Perrelet also developed a caliber with a winding rotor which swiveled above the movement. With these innovations, the groundwork for today's automatic watches was laid.

Refined men carried their pocket watches tucked away safely in their jacket, vest, or pants. The timepieces barely moved while in their pockets, which meant that the oscillating mass didn't have enough energy to wind the mainspring. The crown-wind method solved the key-wind problem in the mid-19th century, making the automatic pocket watch superfluous.


The First Automatic Wristwatches

The French watchmaker Léon Leroy was also a pioneer in the development of automatic watches. He presented his first automatic wristwatch in 1922. Some of these watches even had a date display. However, Leroy was far away from being able to mass produce a series.

The British watchmaker John Harwood lead automatic wristwatches to series production. He began working on automatic movements in 1922. Two years later, he patented his work, paving the way for the first series-produced automatic wristwatches.

Rolex's Oyster Perpetual was one of the first automatic wristwatches. Rolex introduced the watch to the market in 1931. It's one of the few early models that has lasted over the years and is still produced today. The principle behind Oyster Perpetual's winding rotor is at the heart of every modern automatic wristwatch.


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